team usa smiling

2015 U.S. Junior National Team members.

US Squash is a 501(c)3 not-for-profit organization which serves as the only national governing body and membership organization for the sport in the United States. Founded in 1904 and headquartered in New York City, it is a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee, the Pan American Squash Federation and the World Squash Federation.

US Squash’s mission is to lead squash’s growth and development by increasing access and awareness, supporting meaningful lifelong engagement in the sport, and encouraging sportsmanship while achieving competitive excellence at the highest levels.

US Squash’s vision is to be the best national sports governing body in the United States. In pursuing this aspiration, we envision people of all ages, abilities and backgrounds across the country enjoying squash, playing the game with a positive spirit, and participating in programs that foster camaraderie, facilitate competition and encourage healthy lifestyles. We create and promote opportunities to become part of an ever-broadening squash community, one widely known to value excellence, diversity, fair-play and sportsmanship. We continually invest in the development of the sport to sustain growth, broaden access, and we embrace innovation. We support teaching professionals and coaches in their effort to engage and mentor players during their lifelong involvement in the sport. We operate the world’s preeminent squash facility serving as a national center of excellence and provide all the resources required to train and coach elite athletes who excel in competition and proudly represent their country.


US Squash was founded in Philadelphia in 1904, following the popular desire of local athletes to organize the newly exploding sport. With its creation, US Squash, which was called the United States Squash Racquets Association until 2006, became the first national squash body in the world. US Squash took immediate action to govern the sport by creating crude regulations that dictated everything from court and ball specifics, to the rules and regulations of the game.

In 1923 US Squash began its decades-long expansion and promotion of squash in the first annual meeting of the Executive Board. At this time, US Squash began to formulate the more contemporary mission, policies, and by-laws of the organization.

As years passed and the sport grew, US Squash evolved to accommodate the demand by expanding board positions and hiring full time executives. By the 1950s US Squash graduated from its initial mission to nationally organize the sport, and began to promote its growth with the advent of both the junior and senior nationals, and the Association officially incorporated as a 501(c)3 not-for-profit in New York State in 1957.

Squash was perhaps one of the most pioneering sports of its time, and US Squash was one of the first national athletic organizations to promote female participation. In the 1970s, the United States Women’s Squash Racquets Association (USWSRA) was created as the governing body of Women’s squash. US Squash and the USWSRA worked in conjunction until the organizations merged in 1979, in an effort to promote the sport as a unified, and thus more influential, advocate for the sport.

In 1975 Darwin P. Kingsley became the first Executive Director of US Squash. The Executive Committee of the Board of Directors realized the need for a full time leader of the organization. Despite modest beginnings, Kingsley revolutionized both the sport and the organization. When he assumed the position, there were 800 members and 40 member clubs. By the time he retired in 1992, US Squash boasted 10,000 members and 250 member clubs. Craig Brand served for ten years in the role of Executive Director, shepherding the transition from the dominance of the hardball singles game to the international softball game as well as opening doors with the U.S. Olympic Committee by becoming a member Association. Palmer Page took the reigns as the Chief Executive Officer in 2003 and quickly injected 21st century technology to support the growing sport’s needs and celebrated the Association’s 100th year with an historic centennial dinner. Kevin Klipstein, the current CEO, succeeded Page in late 2004.

With over a century since its creation, US Squash has come further and made more innovations and improvements to the game than any other national squash governing body. US Squash is still a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee, and governs the affairs of a broad based national individual membership and a club network where squash is played in over 1,000 facilities across the country, with nearly 17,000 members.

  • 1850's

    Annual_Report 12-13_Printable VersionBoys at Harrow School near London create a version of the game of racquets (an old bat and ball game) using a small rubber ball—rubber having just been vulcanized a few years earlier—and makeshift outdoor courts in alleys and courtyards

  • 1884

    Sps_shieldJames Conover, a teacher at St. Paul’s School in Concord, NH, builds the first squash courts outside England. He copies the Harrow courts by consulting with his college roommate, an Old Harrovian

  • 1900

    Racquet Club of Philadelphia logoThe Racquet Club of Philadelphia adds a fives (handball) court on the top floor of their Walnut Street clubhouse. It quickly gets used for squash

  • 1903

    lights7The world’s first inter-club squash league is founded for seven squash clubs in Philadelphia; one, Philadelphia Country Club, even adds electric lights to their courts

  • 1904

    USSRA 1US Squash is founded as the Philadelphia Association; world’s first professional event, with six entries, is held in Philadelphia

  • 1907

    CrossedracquetsLOGO1102010simpleFirst U.S. men’s nationals are held in Philadelphia; John Miskey, a local doctor, wins; the pro at the Racquet Club, Fred Thompkins, builds world’s first doubles court, inventing the game of squash doubles; Philadelphia Association changes name to United States Squash Racquets Association

  • 1908

    five manFirst inter-city five-man national team tournament at nationals, with two cities represented (Boston and Philadelphia)

  • 1920

    squash1USSRA standardizes 18 1/2 foot court width

  • 1921

    Harvard University starts the nation's first men's collegiate squash team and hires Harry Cowles as coach

  • 1922

    17-inch tin standardized for U.S.; the world's first international match, the annual Lapham Cup (U.S. v. Canada), is started

  • 1923

    Nineteen clubs are affiliated with USSRA; first intercollegiate match in the world (Harvard v. Yale) is played-Harvard wins, starting a collegiate unbeaten streak that lasts until 1937


  • 1930

    The national women's association is founded; The New England Professional Association, now the U.S. Professional Squash Racquets Association, hosts its first national tournament (now the Tournament of Champions) ten month before the first British Open; Forty-nine clubs are affiliated with USSRA

  • 1931

    Men's intercollegiate association founded

  • 1932

    Philadelphia Districts, first junior tournament in the world, is started

  • 1937

    An Elko, Nevada, club becomes the first squash club west of the Mississippi to join the USSRA; Vassar starts first women's collegiate squash team

  • 1938

    newLogoHeights Casino in Brooklyn hosts world's first doubles tournament open to pros (now called the Johnson Doubles)

  • 1942

    logoGermantown Invitational Mixed Doubles, precursor of U.S. national mixed doubles, is founded; Detroit becomes the first non-East Coast side to win the national men's team tournament

  • 1945

    Grant doubles competition added to Lapham Cup

  • 1954

    CaptureFirst United States Open held in New York

  • 1955

    Women's national team tournament renamed Howe Cup in honor of Margaret Howe and her twin daughters, Peggy Howe White and Betty Howe Constable

  • 1956

    250 USSRA members; seventy member clubs; first U.S. national juniors for boys is started

  • 1959

    First time squash is televised, in a local broadcast at the U.S. Open in Pittsburgh

  • 1965

    Vassar_College_SealFirst women's individual intercollegiate tournament in held at Vassar

  • 1966

    U.S. Open amalgamates with Canadian Open to become North American Open

  • 1967

    USSRA helps start International Squash Rackets Federation (now the World Squash Federation)

  • 1968

    First glass back-wall is built at the University of Pennsylvania

  • 1969

    Hyder Cup, first softball tournament in U.S., is started

  • 1972

    First intercollegiate women's team tournament, also called the Howe Cup, is played

  • 1973

    First public commercial squash club is started at Berwyn, PA; First U.S. men's team plays in world championships, finishing fifth out of five teams

  • 1974

    1974USSRA hires Darwin Kingsley, first executive director, and open head office in Bala Cynwyd; USSRA has 1,500 members and 150 member clubs

  • 1975

    First World Open is played

  • 1976

    Men's and women's nationals are hosted together for the first time at the University of Pennsylvania

  • 1977

    U.S. junior nationals for girls is founded; Bancroft Open, the first professional women's tournament is held in New York

  • 1978

    squashnewsFirst junior squash camp founded, at Heights Casino in Brooklyn; Squash News becomes USSRA's official monthly newspaper

  • 1979

    First U.S. women's team plays in world championships; Nationals are held in Portland, the first time a national tournament is held west of the Mississippi; National women's association merges with USSRA

  • 1981

    U.S. men's team comes in seventh out of twenty teams in world team championships; Mark Alger becomes the first non-East Coast player to win U.S. men's nationals; Alicia McConnell wins the U.S. national juniors, national intercollegiates and women's nationals all within one month

  • 1982

    BobCallahanBob Callahan at Princeton starts camp, now the world's oldest squash summer camp

  • 1983

    First U.S. national softball tournament held in Baltimore

  • 1984

    Mark Talbott beats Jahangir Khan 18-16 in the fifth in the finals of the Boston Open in America's first portable glass court tournament

  • 1985

    USSRA has 8,000 members and 300 member clubs U.S. Open re-launched as softball tournament; U.S. women come in seventh at world team championships

  • 1990

    Institutional_Color_NavyRingsUSSRA joins U.S. Olympic Committee as a non-medal sport

  • 1991

    Softball nationals has more entrants than hardball nationals

  • 1993

    Women's intercollegiate squash switches to softball; pro hardball and softball associations merge to create PSA

  • 1994

    Men's intercollegiate squash switches to softball

  • 1995

    Mdp_logoSquash is played for the first time in the Pan-American Games

  • 1996

    Tournament of Champions, annually played since 1930, is staged on a portable glass court in Grand Central Terminal; Greg Zaff, formed All American in tennis and squash at Williams, starts SquashBusters, the first urban youth enrichment squash program

  • 1997

    SquahMagSquash Magazine takes over as official publication of USSRA

  • 1998

    World Junior Men's Championships is held at Princeton, the first world championship in U.S. The first public high school program is founded by teacher and squash parent Susan Gross at Lower Merion-Harriton

  • 1999

    World Women's Championship is held in Seattle; Demer Holleran wins last of her record nine U.S. national singles titles

  • 2000

    Hall of fame LogoU.S. Squash Hall of Fame is launched with inaugural class of fifteen inductees

  • 2001

    U.S. Open in Boston is halted on first day of qualifying because of September 11th attacks

  • 2004

    The U.S. High School Team Championships is launched by Philadelphia squash parent Melinda Justi; USSRA has 8,500 members and 265 member clubs

  • 2005

    U.S. Open is staged in Boston's landmark Symphony Hall

  • 2007


    U.S. Squash Hall of Fame & Museum moves to Yale; USSRA changes name to US Squash and moves headquarters to New York; Arkansas becomes the last state in the nation to build squash courts

  • 2010

    New York native Amanda Sobhy wins world junior women's title; the U.S. Junior Open and the U.S. High School Championships are the largest junior and largest squash tournaments in the world respectiely

  • 2011

    HarrityTodd Harrity of Princeton becomes first American to win national intercollegiate individual title since 1990; World Women's Junior Championship is held at Harvard and the U.S. team comes in second to Egypt

  • 2012


    The longest unbeaten run in collegiate sports history, Trinity's 252-win streak ends and, after thirteen straight national titles, Trinity loses in the finals of the national team tournament to Princeton University; U.S. men finish sixth at world championships, the team's best finish ever

  • 2013

    U.S. Squash has 16,000 members, sixteen full-time employees and the world's most visited squash website; twelve urban youth enrichment programs across the country serve thousands of children; More than 200 high schools have squash teams, 155 compete in the national championships; 57 men's college teams and 42 women's college teams compete in the national team tournament

Timeline created by James Zug